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Dry eye syndrome is a condition where the eyes do not make enough tears, or the tears evaporate too quickly. This can lead to the eyes drying out and becoming inflamed. It is a common condition and becomes more common with age, especially in women.

Up to a third of people age 65 or older may have dry eye syndrome. It is more common in those with connective tissue disorders, in blepharitis and contact lens wearers.


  • Feelings of dryness, grittiness, soreness, tired eyes which get worse throughout the day
  • Mildly sensitive to light
  • Slight blurred vision
  • Both eyes are usually affected


  • Redness of the eyes
  • Stringy discharge or foamy tears
  • Spotty (“punctate”) fluorescein staining lower cornea
  • May be associated blepharitis

How Eye Doctors Diagnose Dry Eye

A comprehensive eye exam can diagnose Dry Eye Syndrome.

Your Optometrist will evaluate the quality and quantity of your tear production. By taking a detailed medical history, your Optometrist also can determine if any pre-existing medical conditions, environmental factors, or current medications could be causing the dryness.

Your eye doctor may also perform an external examination of the eye, evaluating your eyelids, cornea, and observing your blinking patterns.

If your Hypochondriac side has come out reading this so far – don’t worry, you can fight Dry Eye!

Simply follow these various steps, most of which are generally how to look after your precious eyes:

  • Blink More
  • Take A Technology Break
  • Wear Sunglasses
  • Drink lots of Water – This is a given, don’t underestimate the power of water!
  • Invest in a Humidifier:Humidifiers add moisture back into the air
  • Use Warm Compresses
  • Dietary Supplements: Omega-3 fatty acids, in the form of fish, fish oil, or flaxseed oils can assist your body in maintaining its own natural form of hydration.

The causation of Dry Eyes can be correlated to different conditions so if you felt that you had dry eyes or irritable eyes on an ongoing basis, make sure to book an appointment to see your favourite Optometrist and ensure the safety of your eyes – you only get one of them after all!

Well, technically 2.

Andrew Rowe

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